Versioned Data Concepts¶
Pachyderm data concepts describe version control primitives that you interact with when you use Pachyderm.
These concepts are similar to the Git version control system with a few notable exceptions. Because Pachyderm deals not only with plain text but also with binary files and large datasets, it does not manage the data in the same way as Git. When you use Git, you store a copy of the repository on your local machine. You work with that copy, apply your changes, and then send the changes to the upstream master copy of the repository where it gets merged.
The Pachyderm version control works slightly differently. In Pachyderm, only a centralized repository exists, and you do not store any local copies of that repository. Therefore, the merge, in the traditional Git meaning, does not occur.
Instead, your data can be continuously updated in the master branch of your repo, while you can experiment with specific data commits in a separate branch or branches. Because of this behavior, you cannot run into a merge conflict with Pachyderm.
The Pachyderm data versioning system has the following main concepts:
- A Pachyderm repository is the highest level data object. Typically, each dataset in Pachyderm is its own repository.
- A commit is an immutable snapshot of a repo at a particular point in time.
- A branch is an alias to a specific commit, or a pointer, that automatically moves as new data is submitted.
- Files and directories are actual data in your repository. Pachyderm supports any type, size, and number of files.
- Provenance expresses the relationship between various commits, branches, and repositories. It helps you to track the origin of each commit.
Learn more about Pachyderm data concepts in the following sections: